The NYOG is operated by Vermont Rail System in Burlington, Vermont. The railroad carries a variety of bulk and non-bulk cargoes, including: plastic pellets, resins, oils, lubricants, fuels, adhesives, chemicals, feed, grain, fertilizers, minerals, etc. Most recently, the railroad hauled 210 wind turbine generator blades to the Port of Ogdensburg, which operated as a distribution yard for a nearby wind turbine farm project.
Many of the products that are delivered on the NYOG are trans-loaded to trucks for shipment to plants in southeastern Ontario and western Quebec. Grain and animal feed products come from Florida, New York, Canada and other origins to serve the large agricultural community in northern New York.